Suni can be spotted all over the eastern side of Sub-Saharan Africa, from Kenya down to Kwazulu-Natal in South Africa. Why? 120 – 140 cm is the height of this animal at shoulder, and 200 – 270 kg is the weight that it can attain. African Small Five # 3. Also check out a guide to Africa’s most elegant antelope species. However, they are incredibly alert and … The wooden Savannah in East Africa, Southern Kenya and Southern Africa are inhabited by the sable antelope (Hippotragus niger). The largest antelope is the giant eland, a species found in the savannas of Central Africa. These animals dig small holes in the ground to catch ... 2. © 2020 Africa Freak | All Rights Reserved, Disappearing Universe – Incredible photos of indigenous tribes in South West Africa, Pygmy hippo – 16 astonishing facts about a little cousin. Antlion larvae are capable predators. Misguidedly thought by many to be Africa’s smallest antelope, dik-dik are a magnificent example of evolution. All three species are found in East African countries like Kenya and Tanzania; although visitors to South Africa can only spot the red-billed buffalo weaver. On a safari it can be very difficult to distinguish steenbok from grysbok. Dik-dik is onomatopoeia for the whistling warning sound shouted by the females. 3. There are 14 subspecies from Angola to Kenya, each with its own uniquely coloured coat. The black mamba is the largest and most feared of Africa's venomous snake species. 4. They are also very difficult to see on a safari. There are only six floral kingdoms on the entire planet. Royal antelope are defenceless against predators. Here’s a look at 5 of the most interesting South African animals: Lions . You can read more in this article – what is a dik-dik? The animal has been covered by many different news outlets and has generated plenty of interest and adoration. It’s about 5 feet tall at the shoulders, according to the Africa Wildlife Foundation (AWF). And here is a little tip from our safari partner. Shy and solitary, this 8-11 kg antelope is similar to its Cape cousin. The small sized gazelle lives in savannas and grassland habitat of Africa, can run extremely fast but chased by cheetah and sometimes by leopards and lions. And each can take the breath away when encountered on a safari.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'africafreak_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_9',146,'0','0'])); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Native to West Africa, the royal antelope is officially the world’s smallest antelope. Ant Lion. Once they're done, they toss aside the carcass and wait for their next victim. Spotting them is equally tricky since they are only active at night. Many species dig tiny, crater-shaped traps in the sand, which they use to catch their prey (usually ants). Typically, they measure between 30 and 70 centimetres (12 and 28 inches) long and weigh between 2 and 5 kilograms (4 and 11 pounds). Elephants . The three species look different (the red and white-billed varieties have dark bodies, while the white-headed is white and brown). Measuring just 25 centimetres at the shoulder, this nocturnal creature weighs less than 3 kg. The fennec fox is the smallest of all the world’s foxes, but its large ears, measuring 6 inches (15 centimeters), appear to be on loan from a … It is the smallest among the little five and is known in the U.S as “doodlebug”. Predators of these species include snakes, baboons and large birds of prey. Mature blue duiker can weigh around 7 kg and are only 35 centimetres in height. When fully grown, antlions are winged insects that resemble dragonflies or damselflies; but when they're in their larval stage, they are fearsome looking beasts with hairy, obese bodies and sharp sickle-shaped jaws. image by reMuse on flickr African animal beginning with G The black-footed cat is the smallest of all African cat species with an average shoulder height of just 25 centimeters/ 10 inches. The African buffalo has been reported to gore and kill over 200 people each year in the continent. Measuring just 25 centimetres at the shoulder, this nocturnal creature weighs less than 3 kg. Small is beautiful in Africa. Buffalo Weaver Bird. Their diet is surprisingly varied and can include fruit, bark, sap and vegetable matter. Consequently, researchers know very little about their behaviour. Fleet-footed and incredibly agile, this is the smallest antelope that exclusively browses for its food. Learn all about African wildlife with WildlifeCampus. Rather than grass, steenbok diet on flowers, fruits, and the young leaves of plants. The smallest antelope species are often the hardest to find. Thanks to a range of special adaptations, antlion larvae are capable of subduing prey much larger than themselves. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! Leopard Tortoise. Less known is the pantheon's smaller counterpart - the Little Five. It … The antlion is the smallest member of the Little Five club and is by no means unique to Africa. Some species can grow up to 6 inches/ 15 centimeters in length, although the beetles you're likely to encounter in Africa are considerably smaller. Males measure 2.4–3.1 in (6–8 cm), while females, which are … Anouk is a travel writer, editor, and agent raised in Malawi and Kenya with more than 15 years of experience working in the African travel industry. In proportion to their body weight, rhinoceros beetles are amongst the ​strongest creatures in the world. An Exhaustive List of African Animals With Some Stunning Photos. Keep a bird book handy. Also known as the White-Toothed Pygmy Shrew, the Etruscan Shrew is the smallest animal known by mass, weighing in at a mere 1.8 grams at its largest. It gets its name from its elongated nose, thought to resemble an elephant's trunk. African lions once roamed most of Africa and parts of Asia and Europe. There are many animals of the African wilderness, that call the continent of Africa home. One grazes while the other keeps watch. With a total body length between 24 and 40 cm, this big eared guy is the smallest fox there is. Dik-dik don’t have herds. Leopard tortoises are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, in semi-arid areas of scrubland and savannah. However, some tortoises' markings are more defined than others. Not all animals are very friendly with humans. They are monogamous and mate for life. The Great White Shark. Their eggs are stolen by several species of birds and small mammals, and they are eaten by indigenous people throughout their range. The tufty ears and sandy coat of the caracal makes it look like a small lynx. Africa's Top 12 Safari Animals and Where to Find Them, Where to Find South Africa’s Marine Big Five, An Introduction to Africa's Big Five Safari Animals, 10 Weird and Wonderful Facts About African Animals, Uganda's National Parks: The Complete List, 12 Nocturnal Animals to Look For on an African Safari, A Top 10 List of Africa's Most Dangerous Snakes, The Complete Guide to New Zealand's Birds and Wildlife, Forgotten Felines: The Seven Small Cats of Africa, Fun Facts About African Animals: The Cheetah, The 6 Best National Parks in Sri Lanka for Safaris, The Top 12 National Parks to Visit in Africa, The Little Five: Africa's Smaller Safari Animals, TripSavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. When fully grown, antlions are winged insects that resemble dragonflies or damselflies; but when they're in their larval stage, they are fearsome looking beasts with hairy, obese bodies and sharp sickle-shaped jaws. They can climb, swim, and live as long as 100 years. We're all about safari and celebrating wild Africa. They can survive for months at a time without food, and live for several years. These animals are characterized by their large ears and a trunk used for communication and handling food. Elephant shrews are widely distributed throughout Southern Africa and found in a number of different habitats including desert and dense woodland. They are shy and exceptionally quick, reaching speeds of over 17 mph/ 28 kmph. You can see them in the lowland forests of Ghana, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. Rhino Beetle. They weigh 9-11 kg and prefer woodland edges and gallery forests, where there is less cover for predators. Initially coined by the big game hunters of centuries past, the phrase now refers to five of the most sought-after safari animals; namely, the elephant, the buffalo, the leopard, the lion and the rhino. . Physically similar to grysbok, steenbok have enormous ears but relatively short horns (only males have them). Steenbok will look first and then run. Caracals. This term was introduced by conservationists who wanted to draw attention to the smaller creatures of the bush, many of whom are just as fascinating (and perhaps harder to spot) than Africa's larger animals. In this way, the elephant becomes the elephant shrew, the buffalo becomes the buffalo weaver bird, and the leopard becomes the leopard tortoise. They are very different to the rest of Africa’s antelope, not least for their unusual name. Visually it is easily confused with steenbok, but is smaller and lighter (8-12 kg), and has an entirely different diet. Worldwide, there are more than 300 species of rhinoceros beetle, around 60 of which are found in Southern Africa. Lions are the quintessential African animal. They are remarkable athletes, able to jump between rocky perches at high speed to evade hunters. The capital is located about 1,500 km away from mainland Africa. There are five species of baboons in Africa, including the chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) â ¦ It is the fastest antelope in Africa and can attain a speed â ¦ Buffalo weaver: the buffalo weaver is the easiest among the little five to find and observe. Looking a lot like Bambi, common duiker occupy savannahs all over Sub-Saharan Africa. Required fields are marked *. Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground. The species was discovered in 2012, with the average adult growing to 25 millimeters – small enough to sit on the top of a human finger. Editorial Team at Africa Freak is a group of expert Africa writers and influencers. The tiny shrew which looks like a mouse is only 8 cm/3 inches long and weighs less than 4 g/a teaspoon of sugar. However, they are exceptionally resilient, with incredibly hard shells. Given their preference for thick forest they are very difficult to find. They graze on dry grass and often seek shelter from extreme weather in the abandoned burrows of other animals including jackals and anteaters. Name : Geochelone pardalis. They can dig for themselves, but tend to do so only when laying eggs. African fauna contains 64 species of primates. Well, the klipspringer can jump around steep rocky landscapes on their tiptoes. They are shy and secretive, usually hiding in the grass and staying well clear of vehicles and people. Unlike most antelope the common duiker is omnivorous. And so we come to the number one most dangerous animal in Africa – and it’s one of the smallest. Sometimes these 4 kg antelope have to move territories because the grass is too high for them to see over. However, they are incredibly alert and will flee to cover whenever anything comes close. The smallest is the royal antelope, which is found in Western Africa. In a clever marketing quirk, the names of the Little Five animals correspond to those of the Big Five celebrities. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals … But the species has disappeared from 94 percent of its historic range and can only be found today in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. They can grow to 50 centimetres in height and weigh 12-25 kilograms when fully grown. There are three species of buffalo weaver - the white-headed buffalo weaver, the white-billed buffalo weaver and the red-billed buffalo weaver. Cape grysbok have evolved to harvest this native fynbos. The well-known "leeurugseatortoise" (the largest tortoise in the world) which weighs up to 600 kg, is found in the coastal areas of Northern-Zululand. There are many brutal and ferocious animals in the world, both large and small. The difference is diet and habitat, with the Sharpe’s grysbok occurring through East Africa and southeastern Africa. A guide on African mammals in Kruger National Park. The geographic locations of insectivorous animals are spread around the world, with many species found in North America. Rather than appearance, check what the antelope is eating. These are the sights for safari connoisseurs, the people who are re-visiting Africa to discover more of its wildlife. These curious-looking creatures are named for their body armor, and for the hooked horn that graces the head of the male. It is from the same family as the royal antelope and suni, but has a different habitat. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mammals of Africa. This category has the following 19 subcategories, out of 19 total. Often you see oribi grazing with Thomson’s gazelle and topi, where there are more vigilant eyes and ears. Africa, the land with an abundance of different kinds and species of animals. Instead, this small antelope will wait until the predator is on top of them, before springing out and sprinting off into the bush. Another animal endemic to Madagascar on this list of smallest animals, the Brookesia Micra is the smallest known chameleon. The largest Southern African rhinoceros beetle reaches around 2 inches/ 5 centimeters. It is small and slender and uses agility to evade predators. Royal antelope are defenceless against predators. All of them belong to the scarab beetle family. Your email address will not be published. It is a high-pitched shrill a little like dik-dik, dik-dik. Even cheetah don’t find suni worth the effort. White Rhino via flickr/ciamabue. This antelope has adapted to feed on a huge variety of vegetation, including fungus, grass, herbs, buds, and crops. Despite their abundance and the fact that they are active during the day, the shrews are seldom seen. The Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur which weighs only 30 g is the smallest primate in the world. The nation occupies an area of 451 square km. Elephant Shrew. There are more than 2,000 individual species within the antlion family, found all over the world. They live on a diet of seeds, fruit and small insects. Another small antelope weighing under 3 kg, this little pygmy occupies tropical Central Africa, mostly the lowland forests of the Congo Basin. Pygmy shrew South Africa animals: The pygmy shrew is the world’s smallest mammal. Klipspringer are incredible. There are 30 different known species of lemurs in total, and all are endemic to Madagascar. 1. The fennec fox or fennec is a small nocturnal fox found in the Sahara of North Africa. Lizards. There are two species, and both are found in Africa. South Africa’s Cape is one of these, home to an extraordinary type of vegetation known as fynbos. Suni are so small that their most common predators are birds of prey and snakes. 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