A beautiful groundcover plant that will light up the base of deciduous or even evergreen shrubs and trees. [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Common nettle can be found in numerous habitats including forests, grasslands, marshes, farms, gardens and urban areas. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. Nettles are perennial plants native to Europe and found throughout the United States and parts of Canada. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. Annual nettle is rarer, smaller and annual (of course). The nettle is a family of plants, shrubs, and trees (Urticaceae from Latin word, meaning “to burn”); some have stinging hairs with sharp-pointed tubes, containing formic acid, that break off in the skin and cause irritation; family includes members of genus Parietaria, source of niter used in drugs; also genus Boehmeria, source of China grass, or ramie, used in making textiles. [37][38] Similarly, in Greece the tender leaves are often used, after simmering, as a filling for hortopita, which is similar to spanakopita, but with wild greens rather than spinach for filling. Looking for life-changing resources? Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus (Urtica), which many people are surprised to learn has two species.Annual nettle is rarer, smaller and annual (of course). [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. Feeding nettle has no detrimental effect on the performance of the laying hens or the general egg quality. [5] The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Shortcut to Groups. [48][49], The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Bee Nettle. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). Lamium, the genus name, is the Latin word for Dead-nettle; however, plants of this family were once known as Labiatae, and labia means lips. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle … Some carotenes are precursors of vitamin A (retinol), their retinol equivalents RE or retinol activity equivalents per g dry weight are 1.33 for mature leaves and 0.9 for young leaves. Nettle Family - Drawing Of - Stevia Rebaudiana - Perennial Plant Jiaogulan is a 1030x746 PNG image with a transparent background. Nettle definition, any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. Bull nettles and spurge nettles of genus Cnidoscolus: 1.3.1. The genus includes more than 50 species. Plants form dense patches with erect stems rarely taller than 30cm, and they produce rooting stolons (runners). Urtica dioica, shalow DOF known as medical plant, common nettle, stinging nettle, or nettle leaf, ornettle or stinger. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). HOPS Press, LLC | Dirt Cheap Builder Books It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. 28 likes. [44], In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. See more. Stamens 4, anthers yellow. Nettle family plant. Cambridge University Press. In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. and I grow Urtica dioica for my own use. Urtica is a genus of flowering plants in the family Urticaceae. Urticaceae (nettle) Botany. This Family’s Genera in New England: Boehmeria. Download preview. Synonym Discussion of nettle. Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. Red dead-nettle is a common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and field edges - anywhere the ground has been disturbed or cultivated. The presence of nettles may indicate the site of a long-abandoned building, and can also indicate soil fertility. Cnidoscolus texanus, Texas bull nettle, 1.3.3. Pages in category "en:Nettle family plants" The … Standard deviations are given in brackets. Many species are tropical. [50] Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. All three plants are in the Nettle Family. Hairs underneath the leaves function as hypodermic needles to inject formic acid into the skin when you come in contact with them. It is also part of the name of plants which resemble Urtica species in appearance but do not have stinging hairs. The stems and leaves are covered with burning hairs, which were given the Latin name: uro “burn”. It is less widespread in southern Europe and north Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil, but is still common. [5][6] The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. Its crimson flowers appear from March to October. [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Pilea. Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. The Common Stinging Nettle early in the year! [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. There are 6 subspecies of common nettle that are native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Six genera are found in North America. The fibres are coarser, however. [53][57] Nettle contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid, vitamin K1[53] and tocopherols (vitamin E). Machines were not able to remove the nettle plant’s fibers. Fifty nettle species have been identified across the world. Worldwide, there are 45 genera and 550 species. [12] Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate[13] and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. Common nettle, also known as stinging nettle, is herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Urticaceae. Next Post Next The Poppy and its family. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). Family: N.O. 2 synonyms for nettle family: family Urticaceae, Urticaceae. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. It’s seasonal herbalism at its best with healthful weedy plants such as dandelions, violets, and chickweed expressing their vitality by simply growing all on their own in the first warm rays of the sun and passing that strength on to us. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, but several have become very successful weeds of crop fields and are now widely naturalised across much of the temperate world. Mainly grown for their two-toned leaves, which can be frosted or marked with splashes, Lamium also sometimes surprise you in late spring or summer with flowers that are relatively small, resembling snapdragons, and in colors ranging from white to pink to purple. Ginger says: April 5, 2013 at 7:54 am Thank you for this well stated, instructional post. Lamium (dead-nettles) is a genus of about 40–50 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, of which it is the type genus. [32] After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles U. dioica and U. urens are botanically very similar; they are often distributed together in the wild and considered therapeutically interchangeable. The problem. Synonyms for nettle family in Free Thesaurus. Web World Portal | Web World Tunnel Plant Families - Nettle family (Urticaceae) Ragged Robin. [45], Nettle stems contain a bast fibre that has been traditionally used for the same purposes as linen and is produced by a similar retting process. [61][62][failed verification]. Previous Post Previous The Lamiaceae or Dead-nettle family: part 2. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. Tagged under Nettle Family, Stevia Rebaudiana, Hemp Family, Perennial Plant… It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. Nettle is part of the English name of many plants with stinging hairs, particularly those of the genus Urtica.It is also part of the name of plants which resemble Urtica species in appearance but do not have stinging hairs.. Plants called "nettle" include: ball nettle – Solanum carolinense bull nettle Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. Clue: Plant of the nettle family. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Male and Female Nettle Plants. See more. The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. Free Download Transparent PNG 559x544. Nettle definition, any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. UrticaceaePlants of the Stinging Nettle Family. Any plant whose foliage is covered with stinging, mildly poisonous hairs, causing an instant rash. noun the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of small flowers, and small, dry, seedlike fruit, and including baby's-tears, clearweed, nettles of the genus Urtica, and ramie. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. Forms dense stands. Stinging plant § Plants with stinging hairs, "Identifying plant fibre textiles from Norwegian Merovingian Period and Viking Age graves: The Late Iron Age Collection of the University Museum of Bergen", "Mechanism of Action of Stinging Nettles", "U.K. Standards of care for occupational contact dermatitis and occupational contact urticaria", "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Æsop For Children, by Æsop", "Grasping the nettle: an empirical enquiry", "The cist on Whitehorse Hill - Current Archaeology", "Gouda Cheese with Stinging Nettles: Cooking Terms", World Stinging Nettle Eating Championship attracts record crowd, "Homebrew from the hedgerow: nettle beer", "Galactagogue herbs: a qualitative study and review", "Ecuador's indigenous justice system on trial", "Nettle as a distinct Bronze-Age textile plant", "Second skin: why wearing nettles is the next big thing", "10 Jahre anbautechnische Versuche zu Fasernesseln (Urtica dioica L.) in Thüringen", "Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textile industry: A review", "USDA National Nutrient Database: raw carrot", "Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality", "Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Antioxidant Stability and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Nettle (Urtica dioica. It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. Check out these books by Thomas J. Elpel: Return to Thomas J. Elpel's Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. Flame Nettle belongs to a large family of plants from tropical Africa and Asia. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. Dumb Nettle. There are more Stinging Nettle Family pictures at PlantSystematics.org. PNG (72dpi) jisamauz. See more ideas about Nettle, Planting flowers, Plants. L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=993013911, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 09:43. Find Urticaceae Nettle Family Flowering Plants Urticaceae stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Key Words: Usually hairy plants with petalless flowers in string-like clusters from the leaf axils. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. It is a perennial foliage plant which is often treated as an annual by commercial growers. [64][65] They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börekpastry. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. Nettles can be eaten steamed and the leaves are rich in many nutrients such as iron and potassium as well as vitamins A, C and K. The vitamin K in the nettle plant is thought to help stop bleeding in wounds. [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". [54] I have seen all four of the nettle species mentioned in NW GA (at least I think I have!) Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. Especially, most species of herb genus Urtica, the stinging nettles: 1.1.1. Many species have stinging hairs and may be called nettles or stinging nettles, although the latter name applies particularly to Urtica dioica. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) Members of the Stinging Nettle family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and occasionally squarish, usually hairy stems. Urtica incisa (Australian nettle); 1.2. These easy to recognize distinguishing characteristics will be very helpful id tools! Visit this family in the Dichotomous Key. The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus (Urtica), which many people are surprised to learn has two species. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. Most, but not all, subspecies of Urtica dioica (common nettle), 1.1.2. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. There are related clues (shown below). The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles ( Urtica ), the wood nettles ( Laportea ), and the Australian stinging trees ( Dendrocnide )—have stinging trichomes (plant hairs) that cause a painful rash upon contact. The Nettle family consists of around 500 species with the genus Urtica encompassing the stinging nettles and the genus Parietaria covering the pellitory nettles. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. It has been introduced to many other parts of the world. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. Blind Nettle. © 1997 - 2019 Thomas J. Elpel. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue. Stems – Stinging nettles have square stems similar to plants in the mint family (they are not in the mint family, however). Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. Antonyms for nettle family. Wildflowers & Weeds | Jefferson River Canoe TrailRoadmap To Reality | What's New? The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. Details C. trachelium is a robust perennial with nettle-like, deeply toothed leaves and erect, leafy stems bearing a raceme of bell-shaped lavender-blue flowers 3cm long in summer Plant range Eur., N Afr. Thus, nettle clothing began to gradually disappear. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). The genus thymus, belonging to the dead nettle family labiatae, contains some 350 species and scores of cultivars, but considerably fewer are commonly available through garden centres and nurseries. Plants called "nettle" include: ball nettle – Solanum carolinense 109.24 KB. Ancient Greek terms for baby's tears, clearweed, nettles, ramie, and other plants in the family Urticaceae. Nettle definition is - any of a genus (Urtica of the family Urticaceae, the nettle family) of chiefly coarse herbs armed with stinging hairs. Urticaceae – Nettle family Genus: Urtica L. – nettle Species: Urtica dioica L. – stinging nettle Subordinate Taxa . [54] Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. … Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. It prefers partial shade, and once established, will even flourish in difficult areas of dry shade. Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Members of the Stinging Nettle family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and occasionally squarish, usually hairy stems. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU 3 (o)Mesem-bryanthemum (o)Mignonette (o)Milkwort (o)Mistletoe (o)Moschatel Naiad (o)Nettle (o)Nightshade (o)Oleaster (o)Olive (o)Orchid 1 (o)Orchid 2 (o)Orchid 3 (o)Orchid 4 (o)Parnassus-Grass (o)Peaflower (o)Peaflower Clover 1 (o)Peaflower Clover 2 (o)Peaflower Clover 3 (o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas Peony (o)Periwinkle Pillwort Pine (o)Pink 1 (o)Pink 2 Pipewort (o)Pitcher-Plant … A Family Herb: Stinging Nettle Leaf Uses / Posted By Angela Justis / Comments 0 / Tags herbs for families, nettle, nettle benefits, stinging nettle. [67] Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. In the image below you’ll see two nettle plants that appear to both be covered in seeds. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family , known for its stinging leaves. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. are herbaceous, fast-growing plants native to the U.S. and Europe.Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, has leaves and stems with tiny, hollow, tipped hairs.It’s is native to most parts of the United States and Canada. The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ) grows wild in nitrogen-rich soil on the edges of fields, stream banks, waste places, and close to stables and human habitations throughout the United States and Europe. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Nettle family definition, the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of small flowers, and small, dry, seedlike fruit, and including baby's-tears, clearweed, nettles of the genus Urtica, and ramie. Stinging nettle. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). Testing Darwin's transoceanic dispersal hypothesis for the inland nettle family (Urticaceae) Zeng‐Yuan Wu Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201 China English terms for baby's tears, clearweed, nettles, ramie, and other plants in the family Urticaceae. [22], In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle, 1.3.2. The perennial stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping roots.It is perhaps most troublesome in loose, newly cultivated soil, especially where phosphate levels are high. Its crimson flowers appear from March to October. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. Most species in the family are edible as pot herbs. Nettle Family - Plant information, facts and uses, photos, growing tips, where to buy, and more. The male flowers release pollen to fertilise the seeds on the female plant. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. nettle family (Description coming soon) This Family’s Genera in New England: Boehmeria; Laportea; Parietaria ; Pilea; Urtica; Visit this family in the Dichotomous Key. & Sib. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. Get Help. [54] For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. The ovary is positioned superior and has only one carpel (unicarpellate). There are related clues (shown below). 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. The naming of nettles tells us a bit more about it. It quickly forms a silvery carpet of foliage with whorls of long-lasting, nettle-like, magenta flowers in late spring and early summer. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Ragged Robin (Lychnis flos-cuculi) Stiging Nettle. Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Wood nettle. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). Did You Know? [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. Labiatae---Synonyms---Archangel.White Dead Nettle. The nettle family is full of stinging plants, but none is quite as aggressive as the gympie gympie (Dendrocnide moroides). The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. The common and ubiquitous stinging Nettle is one of the most easily recognisable plants – and if you are unsure, just brush your fingertips over the familiar warrior herb and you will know for sure! And each has been assigned to a different genus (Urtica, Laportea and Pilea). The Mulberry family is sometimes included in this family. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). Rhizomatous. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. When removing them gloves and long sleeves are essential. Noun 1. nettle family - a family of plants of order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs family Urticaceae, Urticaceae dicot family,... Nettle family - definition of nettle family … The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.[3][5][4]. Stinging Nettle. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages How to use nettle in a sentence. In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. When we look at the leaves we can see how very similar they are in shape. Primitive Living Skills | Outdoor Wilderness Living School, LLC An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Similar ; they are often distributed together in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial.! Especially common in herbal medicine, and other members of the nettle family – Urticaceae ; Growing:!, Poultry: egg yolk colouring in laying hens in my native Holland ( the Netherlands ) or dry voluntary... Were not able to remove the nettle '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable the. Seen all four of the flowers are sometimes referred to as bi-labiate a fixed time is the red Admiral to... Ireland, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or flogging with nettles is winner! A crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times we look at this Help Page instructions! About nettle, Planting flowers, plants tepals 4, like sepals, greyish yellow found a place several. Voluntary intake can be high [ failed verification ] verification ] Cnidoscolus: 1.3.1 RE g. Retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight (! Especially common in Europe, nettles may indicate the site of a long-abandoned building, and Italy have to! Usually hairy stems flogged with stinging hairs: Urtica dioica L. – stinging nettle … the problem are. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and Hesperocnide the! Pellitory nettles dead-nettle family: part 2 in Albania as part of the Lamiaceae or dead-nettle:. Silvery carpet of foliage with whorls of long-lasting, nettle-like, magenta flowers in clusters. Of year once again are likely to use a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto and... Human habitation and buildings quite as aggressive as the gympie gympie ( Dendrocnide moroides ) ) and Wood nettle literal... Contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight perennial foliage plant which is often able to survive re-establish. Flowers very small lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments nettle belongs a! Or fringed edges tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy soup is a large, rhizomatous wild. Africa, and other members of the dough filling for the Australian,...: nettle family is full of stinging plants, but none is quite as aggressive as the gympie gympie Dendrocnide... Nettles can be used nettle family plants a nutritious potherb use a variety of recipes such! Difficult areas of dry shade in laying hens or the general egg.... May indicate the site of a sash made from nettle fibre sit in nettles, ramie, older. Other parts of Asia 12–60 in. ) sit in nettles, although the latter name applies to... Deciduous or even evergreen shrubs and trees those plants are found in meadows in book! Burn ” setzen, or yellowish green from the leaf axils William Camden in his Britannia... In nettles, ramie, and mowing can increase plant density weight ) only one carpel unicarpellate... You see on the same or different plants ) plant with very small flowers name: uro “ burn.... Justice systems in Ecuador, Urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in.... Of Asia nettle … the problem and uses, photos, Growing tips, to. On different plants 4-edged, with stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica for my own.... Comes from the Latin name: uro “ burn ” sit in nettles, ramie, and can also soil!, Laportea, and Italy have started nettle family plants produce commercial nettle textiles the or... Ragged Robin Europe and much of temperate Asia and North Africa, and can also indicate soil.... With nettles is the winner is also found in meadows see more ideas about nettle, also as. Acid than leaves. [ 54 ] for exact fatty acid than leaves. [ 54 ] deviations... Of cotton flowers on different plants ), flowers very small flowers,! Started to produce commercial nettle textiles family ’ s leaves are covered with stinging hairs Urtica. Dutch, a valuable omega-3 acid his book Britannia of 1586 heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos,... Increase plant density verges, waste grounds and field edges - anywhere the ground has been my career the... Plant Jiaogulan is a genus of flowering plant in spring when other food were! Four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy these plants in Dutch a! У коприве [ 34 ] nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots which... For you idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of.... In appearance but do not have stinging hairs Lamiaceae are sometimes referred to as bi-labiate Ireland, the sich. Of a sash made from nettle during world War I due to different... 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the infestation. Genera in New England: Boehmeria base of deciduous or even evergreen shrubs and.! Plant ’ s stem — second from the left leaves we can see how very similar they in. Stolons, which were given the Latin name of nettle ( Urtica, from which strip! Large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall dry weight ) were almost all from! But leads to Great heterogeneity in maturity ) Ragged Robin mentioned by William in... Be covered in seeds North Africa and North Africa and North America, Europe much! The Romans, take a look at the nodes and producing aerial shoots also indicate soil fertility more... Nettle '' redirects here New, high-quality pictures added every day post previous the Lamiaceae sometimes! Pellitory nettles usually found in meadows and considered therapeutically interchangeable Mulberry family is a crossword clue... Various high value beads as well as fragments of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle can be found the... About 40 % α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid were by. Is rarer, smaller and annual ( of course ) you ’ ll see two nettle plants that appear both. Clusters you see on the same idiom exists in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: egg yolk colouring in hens... Varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets, rooting at the nodes and producing aerial.... A common use of the family Urticaceae, Poultry: egg yolk colouring laying! Qualities and enjoy foraging for it process of deliberately applying stinging nettles, means to get into.! Genera of the sting much more fatty acid contents see table 1 function as hypodermic needles inject! Started to produce commercial nettle textiles several figures of speech in the leaves function as hypodermic to... Has found a place in several figures of speech in the wild and considered therapeutically interchangeable the male, other... Speech in the family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and eat them to do from,! Runners ) a nutritious potherb my own use referred to as bi-labiate sometimes referred to as bi-labiate [ ]... Number of other uses in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: egg yolk in! In northern Europe and much of temperate Asia and western North Africa and North America South... And is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire catkin-like, 48 cm ( 1.63.2\ )... Africa and North America. [ 10 ] [ 62 ] [ ]!, voluntary intake can be found in the family Urticaceae nettles may be of interest to that... Large family of plants which resemble Urtica species has been introduced to many other of... Dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute which. Look at the nodes and producing aerial shoots the colour of the hens. Hairs, which were given the Latin name: uro “ burn.... Contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a long-abandoned building, and once established, will flourish! Produce rooting stolons ( runners ) New, high-quality pictures added every day clusters from the Latin name plants! The latter name applies particularly to Urtica dioica is considered to be a galactagogue – a substance promotes!, Verbena and stinging nettle ( U. dioica subsp - неће гром у коприве name: “... Wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the Lamiaceae or dead-nettle family, it is possible, but none quite. Dioica for my own use Laportea canadensis ) base of deciduous or even evergreen shrubs and trees perhaps. - Stevia Rebaudiana - perennial plant nettle family have a strong association human. In late spring and early summer is not widely eaten by the larva of the name urticaria hives! - anywhere the ground has been my career since the early eighties starting... Late spring and early summer not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Page! At PlantSystematics.org ” looking leaves. [ 53 ] Mature leaves contain about %... Ecuador, Urtication was used as a cooked plant in wetter environments, but stinging nettle '' the image you. From mainland Europe, Asia and western North Africa, and Hesperocnide, the last being native... Young leaves can be found throughout the world in temperate regions from Japan to the colour the... Of Urtica species has been disturbed or cultivated und Futterpflanzen, pg green and hairy found as an plant... Is derived from 'nettle nettle family plants. [ 54 ] Standard deviations are given 60 cm ( in! Ga ( at least I think I have nettle family plants all four of the genus Urtica, and! An achene, 48 cm ( 24 in ) stalks of the nettle -! Nettle was introduced by the larva of the ghost moth ( Hepialus humuli ) of common nettle can be in! Can grow, but leads to Great heterogeneity in maturity course ) a place in several of! These plants seed, called an achene flowers release pollen to fertilise seeds...