[5][6] Spanish singer Julio Iglesias holds the world record for being the best-selling Male Latin Artist of all time.[7]. In most of Castile, there is a strong tradition of dance music for dulzaina (shawm) and rondalla groups. It is motivated by emotion and passion, rhythm … Concha Velasco, a singer and film star, launched the scene with her 1965 single "La Chica Ye-Yé", though there had been earlier popular singles by female singers like Karina (1963). From the English pop-refrain words "yeah-yeah", ye-yé was a French-coined term which Spanish language appropriated to refer to uptempo, "spirit lifting" pop music. The tabor pipe is customary in some ritual dances on the island of Tenerife. Flamenco, although not considered native, is popular among some urbanites but is mainly confined to Madrid. Traditional Spanish music throughout Spain's vastly diverse regions first flourished while the country was still under Moorish rule. In the performance of flamenco music, both singer and guitarist are free to improvise phrases or falsetas (short variations) as they react to the mood of the piece. It is found throughout Spain. Salsa is lively dance music with many different styles. Eastern Europe does not have strict political or geographic borders; it'… Spanish Music. Aztec Music. But over the decades, artists from Spain and Latin America have created a more contemporary form of music, Latin pop… The music itself runs the gamut from uptempo muiñeiras to stately marches. "Folk World Wide" Presents a beautiful folk song from Spain. Hence, there have been more than two thousand years of internal and external influences and developments that have produced a large number of unique musical traditions. Spanish Music From the typical music of bagpipes echoing throughout the northern region of Galicia to the feisty strumming of the flamenco guitar in Andalucía, Spanish music is truly one of the high points of Spain’s resplendent culture. So, where exactly is Eastern Europe? They play music by using indigenous musical instruments. [citation needed] The music of the early medieval Christian church in Spain is known, misleadingly, as the "Mozarabic Chant", which developed in isolation prior to the Islamic invasion and was not subject to the Papacy's enforcement of the Gregorian chant as the standard around the time of Charlemagne, by which time the Muslim armies had conquered most of the Iberian peninsula. The havaneres singers remain popular. Major opera houses include the Teatro Real, the Gran Teatre del Liceu, Teatro Arriaga and the El Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía. As Spanish is commonly spoken in Spain and most of Latin America, music from both regions have been able to crossover with each other. It comes as no surprise that the evolution of Spanish music is every bit as extensive and diverse as Spain's history. Many traditional instruments, such as the Mexican vihuela used in Mariachi music , were adapted from their old world predecessors and are now considered very Mexican. Traditional Spanish cuisine is down-to-earth, uncomplicated food that is based on the ingredients available locally or the crops grown regionally. Tomeu Penya, Biel Majoral, Cerebros Exprimidos and Joan Bibiloni are also popular. Flamencois probably the best-known genre of Spanish music. In Spain there are over forty professional orchestras, including the Orquestra Simfònica de Barcelona, Orquesta Nacional de España and the Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid. Peterson began working as an editor and writer in 1997 with her employment at Newsfinder and currently contributes to eHow. A huge distinction of Mexican culture is the Spanishlanguage that is primarily spoken by 80% of the population. Traditional Spanish music, such as flamenco, preserves its roots by playing and creating songs that spotlight the traditional Spanish guitar. An early 16th-century polyphonic vocal style developed in Spain was closely related to that of the Franco-Flemish composers. Navarre and La Rioja are small northern regions with diverse cultural elements. When interactingwith the elderly they show respect by using titles such as (don for men; anddona for women). Spain's most well-known dance, however, is the flamenco (from the Andalusion region). Music from this part of the world is different from, say the music of Northern Africa, Western Asia, or Western Europe, all nearby regions. The so-called Llibre Vermell de Montserrat (red book) is an important devotional collection from the 14th century. The rumba catalana originated in Barcelona when the rumba and other Afro-Cuban styles arrived from Cuba in the 19th and early 20th centuries. A short history of the music traditions of Cuba. However, it wasn't until the 1980s that Spain's burgeoning pop music industry took off with a cultural movement known as La Movida Madrileña. The modern acoustic guitar is said to be fashioned after the traditional Spanish guitar which is often the main instrument in traditional Spanish music.  They play music by using indigenous musical instruments. Charango:Peruvian music is dominated by the national instrument, the charango. Traditionally, Galician music included a type of chanting song known as alalas. There is also a movement of singer-songwriters with politically-active lyrics, paralleling similar developments in Latin America and Portugal. Fairley, Jan with Manuel Domínguez. Fernando Sor, Dionisio Aguado, Francisco Tárrega and Miguel Llobet are known as composers of guitar music. Angela Peterson is a writer and musician living in Wisconsin. For much of these period (up to eight centuries, in some areas), Spain's Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities coexisted rather peacefully and various facets of their respective culture were free to develop. Although symphonic music was never too important in Spain, chamber, solo instrumental (mainly guitar and piano) vocal and opera (both traditional opera, and the Spanish version of the singspiel) music was written by local composers. [2] As a result, the Latin music industry encompasses Spanish-language music from Spain. Spain has produced great classical guitarists such as Andres Segovia and renowned flamenco guitarists like Paco de Lucia and Rafael Rigueni. Northern Navarre is Basque in language, while the Southern section shares more Aragonese features. Dancing is often an importan… Many of the characteristics of the Baroque did, however, begin to decline in favour of a fresh perspective on music and all arts. In the early Renaissance, Mateo Flecha el Viejo and the Castilian dramatist Juan del Encina ranked among the main composers in the post-Ars Nova period. Dance Forms. Once derivative of Anglo-American musical trends, contemporary Spanish pop began developing its own original music, encompassing all contemporary popular genres, from electronica and Euro disco, to homegrown blues, rock, punk, ska, reggae, hip-hop and others. A popular set on El Hierro island consists of drums and wooden fifes (pito herreño). Following his death in 1975, Spain experienced a major resurgence in traditional music and dance. Spaniards are known for beingcourteous and will shake hands when they meet and when departing. Zarzuela, a native form of opera that includes spoken dialogue, is a secular musical genre which developed in the mid-17th century, flourishing most importantly in the century after 1850. ... CHARACTERISTICS OF PRE-SPANISH ERA MUSIC More conservative style of sacred music. Many of the characteristics of the Baroque did, however, begin to decline in favour of a fresh perspective on music and all arts. Renaissance song books included the Cancionero de Palacio, the Cancionero de Medinaceli, the Cancionero de Upsala (kept in Carolina Rediviva library), the Cancionero de la Colombina, and the later Cancionero de la Sablonara. The signature instrument of the region is the gaita (bagpipe). Mountains run through Spain in several directions, acting as natural barriers to communication and making transportation difficult until the last half of … In the 20th century, flamenco musicians have revitalized their art with jazz and rock elements, yet still maintain their Spanish roots. Each lord had in his house a chapel with composer-singers of dances and songs, and these were thought to be ingenious in knowing how to compose the songs in their manner of meter and the couplets that they had. Songs like Abdel Wahab's "You are my life" ("Inta Omri") and "Siret El - Hobb" are still widely loved. The Iberian peninsula has had a history of receiving different musical influences from around the Mediterranean Sea and across Europe. Madrid is known for its chotis music, a local variation to the 19th-century schottische dance. Basques on both sides of the Spanish-French border have been known for their singing since the Middle Ages, and a surge of Basque nationalism at the end of the 19th century led to the establishment of large Basque-language choirs that helped preserve their language and songs. The latter was said to have reached a level of polyphonic perfection and expressive intensity equal or even superior to Palestrina and Lassus[citation needed]. 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